The publication of a manuscript in a peer-reviewed work is expected to follow standards of ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: authors, editors, and reviewers.
Publication and authorship
All papers are checked against plagiarism and fraudulent data. The comprehensive list of references is obligatory, and financial support of a research is indicated (if applicable).
Plagiarism is unethical. Authors are required to only submit their original manuscripts. In case material – in whatever form – of others is used, it must be appropriately cited or quoted.
Multiple manuscript submission
Authors should not submit manuscripts with essentially the same content to more than one publication, except if expressly communicated and agreed. Otherwise submitting the same manuscript to more than one publication simultaneously is considered to be unethical, unacceptable, publishing behavior.
Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have influenced the content of their work. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the original source. No data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support your conclusions.
(1) Only those authors who have made a significant contribution to the manuscript should be listed as authors or co-authors. Others who have participated to a lesser extent should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.
(2) Consent to submit has been received explicitly from all co-authors, as well as from the responsible authorities - tacitly or explicitly - at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out, before the work is submitted.
Errors in published work
Authors who discover a major error in their own published work, are required to notify the publisher or editor and assist with withdrawal or correction of the manuscript.
Editors are ultimately responsible for the acceptance of submitted manuscripts. An editor may confer with other editors, editorial board members, or reviewers in making this decision.
Unbiased Editors should evaluate manuscripts solely for their intellectual content without any bias to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
The editor and any editorial staff is not to disclose any information about submitted manuscripts to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, or the publisher.
Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Material from submitted, unpublished manuscripts should be kept confidential and must not be used by others without the express written consent of the author. Editors should not consider reviewing manuscripts in which they have a conflict of interest.
Non-peer reviewed sections of an academic publication* should be clearly identified.
Editors should not oblige authors to cite the publication a manuscript has been submitted to, as a condition for acceptance of a manuscript.
Contribution to editorial decisions
The purpose of peer review is to assists editors in making editorial decisions and may also assist the author in improving the paper through editorial communications.
Referees who cannot review a manuscript promptly should notify the editor immediately and step down from the review process.
Confidentiality All manuscripts in the review process are to be treated as confidential and not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published work of which they have personal knowledge.
Disclosure and conflict of interest
Material from submitted, unpublished manuscripts should be kept confidential and must not be used by others without the express written consent of the author. Reviewers should not consider reviewing manuscripts in which they have a conflict of interest.