PNIE is a peer-reviewed journal and the manuscripts are reviewed by two referees with abundant research experience in the relevant fields of the submitted manuscript, and the final editorial decision is made by the Editorial Committee, based on the referees’ evaluations. After reviewing, the manuscript is returned to the corresponding author for revision, the revised manuscript must be re-submitted within one month. If it is not submitted within the designated period without any special reasons, such manuscript is deemed to be withdrawn from evaluation voluntarily.
The author should not use ideas, research or records of others without quoting them. The corresponding author is responsible for all the contents of the manuscript. Authors must deposit data, strains or other materials in scientific collections (e.g., culture collections, herbaria, GenBank, etc.) to make it possible to repeat the experiments and perform future research. Research published in the PNIE must have been conducted in accordance with institutional, national and international guidelines concerning the use of animals in research and/or the sampling of endangered species. For the policies on research and publication ethics that are not stated in these instructions, the Guidelines on Good Publication Practice should be applied (available from: http://publicationethics.org/static/1999/1999pdf13.pdf).
All authors must have materially participated in research and/or article preparation. Individuals listed as authors must: 1) agree to be listed: 2) have contributed to the research reported: 3) approve the submitted version of the manuscript. The statement that all authors have approved the final article should be true and included in the disclosure. 4) With regard to conflict of interest, the authors should include a statement at the end of the paragraph of the Results and Discussion section that: "The author(s) declare no conflict of interest and take complete responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis". 5) If the studies involve experiments on animal subjects, the manuscript should contain a statement in the Materials and Methods section that: "The studies were conducted in accordance with the relevant ethical guidelines".
Conflict of Interest Statement
The corresponding author must inform the editor of any potential conflicts of interest that could influence the authors’ interpretation of the data. Examples of potential conflicts of interest are financial support from or connections to pharmaceutical companies, and academically related issues. In particular, all sources of funding applicable to the study should be explicitly stated
Originality and Duplicate Publication
All submitted manuscripts should be original and should not be under consideration by other scientific journals for publication at the same time. No part of the accepted manuscript should be duplicated in any other scientific journal without the prior permission of the Editorial board. If duplication publication related to the papers of this journal is detected, the author’s infraction will be announced in the journal, their institutes will be informed, and there will be penalties for the authors. Submission of a manuscript implies that: 1) the work description has not been published; 2) it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; 3) its publication has been approved by all co-authors.
PNIE is an Open Access (OA) journal and authors retain copyright of their work through a Creative Commons attribution license (CC) that clearly states how readers can copy, distribute, and use their attributed research, free of charge. All of which helps make articles available to the widest audience, and contributes to the furthering of research in ways that would have seemed impossible before. PNIE adapts CC BY-NC license that lets others remix, adapt, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.