All authors should have made substantial contributions to the following:
• The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation of data; AND
• Drafting the article and revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
• Final approval of the submitted version
Upon article acceptance, the authors will be asked to complete and sign a ‘Journal Publishing Agreement’. An email will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with either a ‘Journal Publishing Agreement’ form or a link to the online version of this agreement. Acceptance of this agreement will ensure the widest possible dissemination of the article and supporting research. The agreement allows journal subscribers to reproduce tables of contents and prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. The agreement requires permission of the Publisher for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included in the article, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright holders and credit the source(s) in the article.
Title: Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Author names and affiliations: Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author’s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
Corresponding author: Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, and also post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
Present/permanent address: If an author has moved since the work described in the article was completed, or was visiting at the time, a “Present address” (or “Permanent address”) may be indicated as a footnote to that author’s name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.
Subdivision - Numbered Sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered by main section number, then sub section, such as Section 1, then Section 1.2, (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), etc. The abstract is not included in section numbering.
Abstract and Keywords
A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the objective(s) of the research, a brief statement of research methods, if pertinent, a summary of the results obtained, and the major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, references should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
Authors should select a maximum of five keywords. The list of keywords should appear on the bottom of the abstract page.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Materials and Methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference; only relevant modifications should be described.
Theory / Calculation
A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.
Results should be clear and concise.
Tables and Figures
All tables and figures (including charts and graphs) should be placed at the end of the manuscript, after the references section. They should be numbered consecutively and placed at the end of the manuscript.
Tables, charts, and graphs should be included only when they contribute materially to an understanding of the written presentation. It is essential that the narrative discussion interprets and illuminates rather than simply restates what is clearly demonstrated in tables and figures.
Within the body of the manuscript, indicate the placement of each table or figure. For example, if Table 1 should be placed on page five between paragraphs two and three, indicate this by a centered callout:
Discussion & Conclusions
This section should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat the results previously discussed in the Results section. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which
may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
Acknowledge those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading of the article, etc.). Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the References section. Do not include acknowledgements on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise.
Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers. Many word processors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article.
Citation in text: Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either “Unpublished results” or “Personal communication”. Citation of a reference as “in press” implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
Web references: As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as Appendix A, Appendix B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be numbered sequentially: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; and in separate appendices where appropriate, e.g. Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
Please review the following items and check their completion for your article prior to submitting to the journal for review.
Please consult these Guidelines for further details of any item above.
Manuscript Submission Guidelines
The Journal of Small Business and Innovation (JSBI) is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes the highest quality original research papers on small business and entrepreneurship. The geographical focus of the journal covers the Asia Pacific region.
Articles published in the JSBI are of importance to academics, policy makers, practitioners and analysts in government and organizations seeking to understand small businesses and entrepreneurial processes and outcomes. Given the dynamic and broad nature of the field of small business and entrepreneurship, the journal is multi-disciplinary and multi-paradigmatic. Hence, papers draw upon a wide range of academic disciplines and contribute to a myriad of contemporary disciplinary debates whilst supporting theory development within the domains of small firms and entrepreneurship.
The JSBI publishes high quality articles that employ qualitative, quantitative and mixed research methods in order to provide fresh insights into new and established research questions. Given the broad scope of the small business and entrepreneurship fields, topics for submission are not prescribed. It is the editorial policy to publish papers that cover both innovative and established fields of intellectual endeavor.
All JSBI manuscripts are initially screened by the Editor-in-Chief and Editor. Only those papers that meet the scientific and editorial standards, and fit within the aims and scope of the JSBI, are sent for full blind peer review.
Papers for full review will be sent to at least two expert referees. The JSBI adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy, in which the identity of both the reviewers and author(s) are always concealed from both parties.
Papers that successfully survive the review process, whether qualitative or quantitative, share several attributes:
• They address an interesting and often novel issue, not just a repetition of well-trodden areas.
• They provide a precise description of the research problem, issue, or question.
• The literature review is up-to-date on the research question and the current discussion and answers mooted on the question.
• The core arguments are supported with sound logic, contemporary theory, and persuasive argumentation.
• The data is of superior quality, satisfying the essential criteria of state-of-the-art quantitative or qualitative methods.
• The methods used are both appropriate and contemporary.
• They provide interesting, non-obvious, and non-trivial results.
• They conclude with clear and persuasive implications for theory and/or practice.
The JSBI publishes original papers that raise our knowledge base and levels of theorizing on small business, SMEs and entrepreneurship. The journal considers full research papers, as well as research cases with teaching notes.
The JSBI welcomes papers that are multidisciplinary or interdisciplinary, as well as those from traditional disciplines, such as economics, psychology and sociology, that relate to rigorous studies of small firms, SMEs, or entrepreneurship. Papers published in the journal tend to cover the following areas, although these are not meant to be comprehensive and other novel or related themes are welcome:
• Small business of entrepreneurship or business ventures
• Challenges and opportunities unique to minority entrepreneurs
• Private-sector small business lending practices
• Legislation, regulation, and tax policy that impact entrepreneurship and economic development
• Processes that facilitate growth and development within emerging enterprises
• Networks within and among entrepreneurial ventures
• Marketing patterns and approaches in venture growth and development
• International developmental entrepreneurship programs
• Entrepreneurship in the informal economic sector
• Education and training for aspiring entrepreneurs
• Industry practices that adversely affect small business development
• Economic and social impacts of small business activity
All papers must be submitted via the online submission system. Only electronic files conforming to the journal’s guidelines will be accepted. Preferred format for the text and tables of your manuscript is in Microsoft Word .doc format.