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Author's Guide

Author’s Guide


Manuscript Format


General All Manuscripts should be concisely written and should contain complete documentation of results. Manuscripts must be written in English. A typical manuscript will not exceed 10,000 words including tables and references. Authors should include a word count with their manuscript. Manuscripts should be conformed to the following order: title page; abstract; keywords; main text; acknowledgements; references; appendices (as appropriate); table(s) with caption(s) (on individual pages); figure caption(s) (as a list). Manuscript should be prepared using Microsoft (MS) Word and be typed in 12-point font size using Times New Roman. Single line-spacing should be used throughout on one side of A4 paper. Manuscript will not exceed 10,000 words including tables and references. Except for units’ measurement, abbreviations are strongly discouraged. The first time an abbreviation appears, it should be preceded by the words for which it stands.

Title The title page should contain the title of an article, full names of authors and institutional affiliation(s). If several authors, and institutions are listed, they should be clearly indicated with which department and institution each author is affiliated. Also, address for correspondence, including the name of corresponding author, degree, address (institutional affiliation, city, zip-code and country telephone and fax numbers, and email address) should be given. The title should not exceed 20 words and two lines.

Abstract The abstract must be concise less than 500 words and describe, in paragraph, concisely purpose, methods, important results, and describe conclusion of the study but not repeat information already presented in the title. Up to 5 keywords should be listed at the bottom of abstract to be used as index terms. The first letter of each keyword should be capitalized.

Introduction The main purpose of the study and results achieved in the study should be described in a brief and concise style. Authors should include background information that is related to the purpose but omit irrelevant information in the text.


Reviews The purpose of the literature review is to analyze critically a segment of a published body of knowledge through summary, classification, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical articles.

Methods The description must be detailed to allow the replication. Procedures that have been published previously should not be described in detail. However, new or significant modifications of previously published procedures need full descriptions. Method of statistical analyses and criteria of significance level should be described.

Results This part should be presented logically using text, table and illustrations. Excessive repetition of table or figure contents should be avoided. At the end of results, emphasize or summarize only important observations.

Discussions The data should be interpreted concisely without repeating material already presented in the results section. It should be considered the results in relation to any hypotheses advanced in the introduction. This may include an evaluation of the methodology and of the relationship of new information to the knowledge in that field.

Conclusions Conclusion should be clear to understand. Authors can combine the Conclusion and Discussion.

Acknowledgements Specify contributions for the article, such as administrative support, technical assistance, critical review of the manuscript, and financial support.


The Harvard (author, date) system of referencing is used (examples are given below). In the text give the author’s name followed by the year in parentheses: Smith (2000). If there are two authors use ‘and’: Smith and Jones (2001); (Smith and Jones 2001). When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: MacDonald et al. (2002). In the reference list, references should be listed in alphabetical order.

In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list.


Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.


We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. EndNote reference styles can be searched for here: Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:


Journal article

Porter, M. E. and M. R. Kramer,  2006, Strategy and society: The link between competitive advantage and corporate social responsibility, Harvard Business Review 84, pp. 78-92.


Online article not yet published in an issue

An online article that has not yet been published in an issue (therefore has no volume, issue or page numbers) can be cited by its Digital Object Identifier (DOI). The DOI will remain valid and allow an article to be tracked even after its allocation to an issue.


Smith, P. J., 2004, New statistical tests. Journal of Statistical Methods doi: 10.1046/j.1479-8298.2004.00089.x



Greene, W. H., 1999. Econometric analysis, 2nd edn. (Prentice Hall, New York).


Chapter in a book

Grossman, S. J., and O. D. Hart, 1982, Corporate financial structure and managerial incentives, in J. J. McCall, ed.: The Economics of Information and Uncertainty (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill.).


Website [homepage on the Internet]. Association of Cancer Online Resources, New York c2000-01 [updated 16 May 2002; cited 9 Jul 2002]. Available from:


Figures and Tables All body paragraphs should follow the following style guide throughout. Figures and Tables that should be placed in suitable spaces. All figures should be cited in the paper in a consecutive order. Figures should be supplied in either vector art formats (Illustrator, EPS, WMF, FreeHand, CorelDraw, PowerPoint, Excel, etc.) or bitmap formats (Photoshop, TIFF, GIF, JPEG, etc.). Bitmap images should be of 300 dpi resolution at least unless the resolution is intentionally set to a lower level for scientific reasons. If a bitmap image has labels, the image and labels should be embedded in separate layers. Tables should be cited consecutively in the text. Every Table must have a descriptive title and if numerical measurements are given, the units should be included in the column heading. Vertical rules should not be used. These should clarify or supplement the manuscript text, not duplicate the text. They should be sized as this page as illustrated as follows. Do not use suffix letters to number tables and figures; that is, label them as Table 5, Table 6, and Table 7 or Figure 5, Figure 6, and Figure 7 instead of 5, 5a, and 5b.

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