III. Guideline for Authors
A. General guideline
1. JMRD publishes editorials, invited review articles, original articles, case reports, brief communications and opinions.
Editorials are invited perspectives on an area of medical science, dealing with very active fields of research, current medical interests, fresh insights and debates.
Invited review articles provide a concise review of a subject of importance to medical researchers written by an invited expert in medical science.
Original articles are papers reporting the results of basic and clinical investigations that are sufficiently well documented to be acceptable to critical readers.
Case reports deal with clinical cases of medical interest or innovation.
Brief communications are short original research articles or short reviews on issues important to medical researchers.
Opinions suggest creative perspectives for medical issues.
2. A manuscript must be written in English only. Authors (particularly non-native English speakers) who submit the original article or case report should check their manuscript by professional editing service prior to submission. It will not be returned to the corresponding author because of incorrect formatting.
3. The text of the manuscript, including tables and their footnotes and figure legends, must be double-spaced and in standard 12-point font on A4 size.
4. Always submit your manuscript in the MS Word format (doc or docx).
5. All pages should be numbered consecutively starting with the title page.
6. Drug and chemical names should be stated in standard chemical or generic nomenclature.
7. Units of measure should be presented according to the International System (SI) of units. All units must be preceded by one space except percentage (%) and temperature (°C).
8. Descriptions of genes or related structures in a manuscript should include the names and official symbols provided by the US National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) or the HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee.
9. Statistical expression: mean and standard deviation should be described as mean±SD, and mean and standard error as mean±SE. P-values should be described as P<0.05 or P=0.003.
10. Generic and brand name of medicine: for medicine, use generic names. If a brand name should be used, insert it in parentheses after the generic name.
B. Format of Manuscript
1. Title page
This should contain the title of the article, full names of authors, and institutional affiliation(s). If several authors and institutions are listed, it should be made clear with which department and institution each author is affiliated. For a multicenter study indicate each individual’s affiliation using a superscript Arabic number 1,2,3.... Only one author should be clearly designated as the corresponding author or first author. In a separate paragraph, an address for correspondence including the name of the corresponding author and his/her degree, address (institutional affiliation, city, zip code and country), telephone and facsimile numbers, and e-mail address should be given. The running title, of 10 words or less, should not be a declarative or interrogative sentence.
2. Abstract and Keyword
The abstract should be concise (less than 250 words) and describe concisely the Purpose, Methods, Results, and Conclusion, in a structured format. Abbreviations, if needed, should be kept to an absolute minimum, and given with proper identifications.
Abstracts for case reports and review articles provide within one paragraph the purpose, methods, important results, and derived conclusion of the study in an unstructured format, but carry the same word count restrictions. Below the abstract, authors should provide, and identify as such, up to 5 keywords or short phrases that will assist indexers in cross-indexing the article and can be published with the abstract. Use terms from the medical subject headings (MeSH) list of Index Medicus; if suitable MeSH terms are not yet available for recently introduced terms, present terms may be used. The first letter of a keyword should be capitalized.
3. Abstract graphics
This graphic should capture the reader’s attention and, in conjunction with the manuscript title, should give the reader a quick visual impression of the topic described in the manuscript. Text should be limited to labels. The use of standard abbreviations and unambiguous molecular formulas is encouraged.
4. Main text
1) Introduction: General enough references to the most pertinent papers, to inform readers; and others relevant findings are described here. It also includes the specific question driving the authors particular investigation.
2) Materials and methods: We endorse the principles embodied in the Declaration of Helsinki and expect that all investigations involving human materials have been performed in accordance with these principles. For animal experimentation, the Guiding Principles in the Care and Use of Animals, approved by the American Physiological Society, must have been observed. An explanation of the experimental methods should be concise and sufficient for repetition by other qualified investigators. Procedures that have been published previously should not be described in detail; however, new or significant modifications of previously published procedures need full descriptions. The sources of special chemicals or preparations should be given (i.e., name of company, city and state, and country). Methods of statistical analyses and criteria of significance level should be described. In case reports, case histories, or case descriptions, replace the Materials an methods section as well as the Results section.
3) Results: This part should be presented logically using text,tables, and illustrations. Excessive textual repetition of table or figure contents should be avoided.
4) Discussion: The data should be interpreted concisely without repeating materials already presented in the Results section. Speculation is permitted, but it must be supported by the authors presented data and be well-founded.
5) Conflict of interest: The corresponding author of an article is asked to inform the editor of the authors' potential conflicts of interest possibly influencing their interpretation of data. A potential conflict of interest should be disclosed in the manuscript even when the authors are confident that their judgments have not been influenced in preparing the manuscript. Such conflicts may be financial support or private connections to pharmaceutical companies, political pressure from interest groups, or academic problems (e.g., employment/ affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, stockownership or options, royalties, or patents filed, received, or pending).
6) Acknowledgments: All persons who have made substantial contributions, but who are not eligible as authors, are named in the acknowledgments section. Information concerning sources of financial support should be given in this section.
References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the main text. Each reference should be cited as superscript Arabic number 1), 1, 2), or 1-3), at the end of the related sentence in the text. Reference citations in the main text should be made with consecutive numbers in parenthesis (Vancouver style). In the Reference section, they should be listed in the order of citation within the main text, together with the corresponding number.
1) Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of their references and correct text citations.
2) Papers in press may be listed among the references with the journal name and tentative year of publication.
3) Unpublished data or personal communications can be listedonly with the author's written permission.
4) Other types of references not described below should follow The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine).
n Journal article
1. Lee JY, Lee BH, Kim GH, Jung CW, Lee J, Choi JH, et al. Clinical and genetic characteristics of Gaucher disease according to phenotypic subgroups. Korean J Pediatr 2012;55:48-53.
n Book & Book chapter
2. Volpe JJ. Neurology of the newborn. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders/Elsevier, 2008.
3. Hong CE. Textbook of pediatrics. 9th ed. Seoul: Korea Textbook Publishing Co., 2008.
4. Pan ES, Cole FS, Weinttrub PS. Viral infections of the fetus and newborn. In: Taeusch HW, Ballard RA, Gleason CA, editors. Avery’s diseases of the newborn. 8th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders, 2005:495-529.
5. International Committee of Medical Journal Editor. Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals: writing and editing for biomedical publication [Internet]. Philadelphia: International Committee of Medical Journal Editor; c2009 [cited 2012 Nov 1]. Available from: http://www.icmje.org/urm_main.html.
Tables should be typed double-spaced on separate pages within manuscript, and they should be titled and numbered in Arabic numerals in the order of their first citation in the text. Each column should be given a short heading. Only the first letter of the first word in each row and column should be capital letters. If numerical measurements are given, the unit of measurement should be included in the each heading. The statistical significance of observed differences in the data should be indicated by the appropriate statistical analysis. All abbreviations should be defined in footnotes. For special remarks, superscripts *, †, ‡, §,∥, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡... should be used.
The author is responsible for submitting prints that are of sufficient quality to permit accurate reproduction, and for approving the final color galley proof. All photographs should be correctly exposed and sharply focused. The entire expense of reproducing color photographs will be charged to the author; current estimates for color reproduction can be obtained from the Editorial Office. JMRD assumes no responsibility for the quality of the photography as it appears in the Journal.