eISSN : 2287-9129
pISSN : 2287-9110
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Author's Guide





Aims and Scope

Child Health Nursing Research publishes high quality papers covering the most recent, clinically and academically relevant topics of health care and nursing for infants, children, adolescents and families. The domain of the paper covers not only research, theory and practice in a wide range of child health nursing but also overall cultural issues. 

This journal is published for health care professionals and administrators for infants, children, adolescents and families such as nurses, midwives, physicians, developmental specialists, public health workers, social scientists, child health educators, epidemiologists, and other health caregivers in child care and welfares.

The ultimate goal of Child Health Nursing Research is to develop body-of-knowledge, improve clinical field and community with evidence-based practice for health for children and families all over the world. 


Research and Publication Ethics

 Human Rights and Protection

1) IRB regulation: The CHNR advocates and follows the international standards of ethical practice in Human rights, protection and the principles addressed in the Declaration of Helsinki (Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects, https://www.wma.net/wp-content/ uploads/2016/11/DoH-Oct2013-JAMA.pdf). By the regulation of the Bioethics and Biosafety act of Korea and in order to meet the international standards for ethical practice in human right and protection, any research involving human subjects must get the approval of institutional review board (IRB) or any equivalent authorized protocol. It must also achieve the voluntary informed consent in written form from the participants or the legal guardian of the participants such as parents of the child. If the research involves a child or any vulnerable subject in any matter, a special and sensitive protection is needed to make sure the safety and Human rights of the subjects. When necessary, the editor of CHNR may ask the author(s) to present the relevant document(s) on the human right and protection issues related to the manuscript such as the informed consent form or the evidence for the IRB approval of the study.

2) When animals are used as research subjects, the study must be conducted in corresponding with related regulations such as Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUC), or NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. It is necessary to specifically describe the treatment methods given in conflict with the regulations.



The publication and research ethics of CHNR strictly follow the ICMJE guidelines (http://www.icmje.org) which state that “authorship credit should be based on all of the following: 1) substantial contributions to conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or advising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published”. All other contributors should be listed as acknowledgments.


  Submission Declaration

Duplicate publication or duplicate submission is prohibited. Manuscripts that have been published or are being submitted to other journal (s) are not allowed to submit to the Child Health Nursing Research. Manuscripts that have been published or are currently under consideration for publication in the Child Health Nursing Research are not allowed to submit to other journals. Upon notice of a duplicate submission, submission privileges to the Child Health Nursing Research will be suspended for two years.

1) Decision criteria for duplicate publication: The manuscript has never been published in another language, print, electronic

    media, and academic journals.

2) The corresponding author must obtain the approval from Editor-in- Chief of both related journals if s/he wants to reprint the

    published manuscript in another language.

3) The editorial board will determine the nature and degree of duplicate publication or duplicate submission of the manuscript.



1) After the acceptance of the manuscript, the author must submit the copyright transfer agreement to the Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing. All authors should print their name and sign on the copyright transfer agreement.

2) All manuscripts published in Child Health Nursing Research are protected by copyright. Any part of the manuscript is not allowed to be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form without the prior approval from the Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing.


  Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statements

1) Reporting standards: Authors should report their works accurately and objectively without inappropriate manipulation. Authors should work out in detail and present sufficient references, so that others can replicate the work. Authors should not make, record or report non-existent data and results, and should not change or omit data. Authors, also make one substantial manuscript into many different manuscripts. Manuscripts that do not follow the international ethical standards of research and publication will not be considered for the publication to the CHNR (i.e. fabrication, falsification, salami slicing, plagiarism, simultaneous/ duplicate submission). The Editorial Board will decide on the specific reasons for rejection.

2) Authorship of the manuscript: Authorship is required to be limited to those who have made a substantial contribution to the conception, design, collection and analysis of data, interpretation of the manuscript. Authors should draft and revise the manuscript, and approve the final version of the manuscript. The corresponding author should confirm that all appropriate persons are listed as authors in the manuscript, and all co-authors should approve the final version to be published.

3) Originality and plagiarism: Authors are required to submit original manuscripts, and confirm that they have cited or quoted others’ ideas and text appropriately and accurately. Plagiarism means the appropriation of another person’s ideas, research processes, results, or text as your own. This includes using previously published material of the author without citing the reference. For checking for plagiarism, the Editorial Board of CHNR uses the CrossCheck checking tool. If plagiarism is discovered in the manuscript, the manuscript will not be published.

4) Multiple, simultaneous or duplicate submission: Authors should not summit the same research in more than one journal and should not publish the manuscript in different languages. If authors wish to a secondary publication of the manuscript in another language, they should obtain the approval from Editor-in-Chief of both related journals. The editorial board will determine the nature and degree of duplicate publication or duplicate submission for the manuscript.

5) Data access and retention: Authors should retain research data and prepare for public access to data if Editorial Board might ask them to provide the raw data in connection with editorial review.

6) Disclosure and conflict of interest: Authors are required to disclose commercial or similar relationships to products or companies mentioned in or related to the subject matter of the article being submitted.

7) Acknowledgement of sources: Sources of funding for the manuscript should be acknowledged. Authors should use or report the information obtained privately with explicit, written permission from sources

8) Fundamental errors in manuscript: When authors find a fundamental error in the published manuscript, they should immediately inform the editor and cooperate with the editor to correct or withdraw the manuscript.

9) Process for managing publication malpractice: When reviewers or readers suspect publication malpractice such as fabrication, falsification, salami slicing, plagiarism, or simultaneous/duplicate publication, the process of resolution will be initiated following the flowchart provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (http://publicationethics.org/resources/flowcharts). The Editorial Board should discuss and make decisions on the suspected publication malpractice, as well as complaints and appeals against editors. 


Submission and Review System

  Types of Manuscripts

This journal publishes original researches, theory and review papers for health care and nursing of infants, children, adolescents and families.


  Authors of Manuscripts

1) One of the authors should be a member of the Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing at least. The non-member(s) could submit the manuscript to the journal with different conditions of publication fee.

2) If the manuscript is the product of dissertation, the author must disclose that the manuscript is the product of a dissertation for a degree. The first author must be the owner of the dissertation.


  Submission of Manuscripts

1) The manuscript must be submitted online. Access http://www.e-chnr. org (website of Child Health Nursing Research) or http://www.childnursing.or.kr (website of the Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing) and review the instruction with all forms such as the author check-list.

2) More details on other pertaining regulations are available on the website of the journal. Should there be any question on how to use the system, contact the editorial office of Child Health Nursing Research.

3) After the acceptance of the manuscript, the author must submit the copyright transfer agreement and disclosure statement on conflict of interest in publishing the work. All forms (the author’s checklist, copyright transfer agreement and disclosure of conflicts of interest) will be placed at the website of the journal (http://www.e-chnr.org) or the Korea Academy of Child Health Nursing (http://www.childnursing.or.kr).

4) All authors should print their name and sign on the copyright transfer agreement and disclosure of conflict of interest form.


  Review of Manuscripts

1) Manuscripts which do not meet the submission requirements will not be processed for peer-review.

2) All manuscripts are treated as confidential. They are peer-reviewed by a t least 3 anonymous qualified reviewers within few days of submission if it fits into the journal policy and the submission guideline.

3) The editor-in-chief of Child Health Nursing Research will make the final decision regarding the manuscript’s publication based on the reviewers’ contents and the scientific merits of the manuscript. 

4)  Any potential or existing conflict and issues on manuscript will be discussed with editorial board in detail.   

5) The author is responsible for the following fees: publication fee, special typesetting fee, and the printing fee for separate volumes of the paper.


  Archiving of Manuscripts

All manuscripts published in Child Health Nursing Research are freely available through open access to read and download from any electric links, including those found on the homepage of the Child Health Nursing Research (http://www.e-chnr.org) immediately and permanently after publication. In the event Child Health Nursing Research is no longer published, previously published articles will continue to be available via Science Central and/or KoreaMed.

Guidelines for Manuscript Preparation 
1. General Information
1  Manuscript volume: Including the abstract, text, bibliography, in tables, and figures; there should be less than 20 pages or 6,000 words. Manuscripts exceeding 20 pages or 6,000 words, will not be accepted.
2  Manuscript layout: The paper setting should be A4, and compatible with Microsoft word. The paper marginal space is as follows: top 30mm, bottom 25mm, left 25mm, and right 25mm. The font size is 10 point, and the line space is 200.   
3  Standard abbreviated words and units: Refer to The NLM (National Library of Medicine) Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 2nd Edition (2007) (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine).
4  Abbreviations used: If author chooses to use an English acronym, the full spelling must first be used then following the abbreviation. The title should not include any abbreviations.
5  A prior approval for the utilization of psychosocial questionnaire (survey tool): All authors must acquire the copy-right permission for the utilization of psychosocial questionnaire from the tool inventor.






 Describing the machinery or technical equipment: When identifying machinery and equipment, the following should be included in parentheses: the model, manufacturer, city, and country. Name brands are identified by such logos: ™, ®, etc. Use brand names only when necessary.

 When the manuscript is submitted, references and citations may follow any style, for example, NLM, APA, etc. However, after the manuscript is accepted, all references and citations must follow the NLM [National Library of Medicine] Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 2nd Edition [2007]. It is the responsibility of the submitting author(s) to confirm that NLM style guidelines are adhered to prior to final publication.

2. Sequence Headings of the Original Article
 The manuscript should be organized in the following order: Cover letter, title page, article title, abstract and keywords, text, references, tables, and figures. Each section should be clearly divided.

 Cover letter: To the editor in which you could introduce the main themes and values of manuscript with authorship and publication matters you wish the editors to consider.


 Title page

① The content of title page should be in order as follows; Title, type of manuscript, author, name of corresponding author, any additional comments, key words, numbers of references, and words of English abstract.

② Type of manuscript: Quantitative research, Qualitative research, Concept analysis, or Q methodology.

③ Author names: Write the name of all authors with highest academic degrees and affiliations including titles, department, and name and location of institutions to which the work should be attributed.

④ The Corresponding author should be identified with full address, email, phone, FAX and DOI numbers.

⑤ Any matter pertaining to the research should be described such as Source of Research Funds, conflicts of interest, or thesis if indicated.

⑥ The maximum number of words for the English abstract is 200 words.

⑦ The maximum number of references is 30.


 Abstract and keywords

An abstract of up to 200 words for articles (including reviews) should be typed double-spaced on a separate page. It should cover the main factual points, including statements of the purpose, methods, results, and conclusions. The abstract should be accompanied by a list of three to five keywords for indexing purposes; be very specific in your word choice. Use MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) keywords (http://www. nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html).



① The text should be composed in the following order: introduction, methods, results, discussion, conclusion, conflict of interest, and references.

② Introduction: Clearly state the need for this study and the main question or hypothesis of the study. Summarize the literature review or background in the area of the study.

③ Methods: Describe the study design, setting and samples, ethical considerations, measurements/instruments, data collection/procedure and data analysis used. If it is qualitative research instrument can be omitted. 

④ Results: Describe the main results in a concise paragraph. This section should be the most descriptive. Note levels of statistical significance and confidence intervals where appropriate.

⑤ Discussion: Discussion should be based only on the reported results. Discussion for advances in nursing practice, nursing knowledge development, and nursing implication is strongly recommended.

⑥ Conclusion: State the conclusions and recommendations for further study. Do not summarize the study results.

⑦Conflict of Interest: Authors are required to disclose commercial or similar relationships to products or companies mentioned in or related to the subject matter of the article being submitted. Ex) No potential or any existing conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

3. Table, Figure, Picture
 Tables, figures, and photos should be presented in English. Only five visual images of these types are allowed in manuscript. Figures and photos should be on a separate sheet.
2  All tables, figures, and photos should be easy to understand and present relevant information to the study.

 Table format rule

① All lines are to be single. Vertical lines are not acceptable.

② The title of a table should be placed on top. Within the title, the first letter of important words should be capitalized.

Ex) Table 1. Overall Responses to Question Types

③ Assign consecutive numbers to tables. For example: Table 1., Table 2., etc.

④ Table data should be explained in the footnotes. All abbreviations used  in tables should be explained in footnotes.

Ex) HR=Heart rate, T=Temperature

⑤ When making reference to the footnotes section, use these symbols in the following order: *, †, ‡, §, ||, ¶, #, **, ††. Further elaboration of these symbols should be given in the lower left area of the table.

Ex) *Survival case; †Dead case.

⑥ If the point value of the number exceeds ‘1’, write 0 before the decimal point, otherwise do not write “0” before the decimal point.

Ex) t=0.26, F=0.92 Ex) p <.001, r=.01, R2=.61

⑦ The significant probability ‘p’ value should be written without a footnote and should be rounded to three decimal places. (For example: p =.003)

If ‘p’ is 0.000, then indicate that ‘p’ is less than 0.001 ( p <.001).

If ‘p’ is 1.000, then indicate that ‘p’ is greater than 0.999 ( p >.999). 


 Paintings and Photograph Format Rules

① The title should be located at the bottom of the painting. Only capitalize the first letter of the first word.

Ex) Figure 1. Mean responses to questions by student grade categories.

② The size of the picture should be 102 X 152mm (4 X 6 inches). Larger pictures may be permitted; however, each picture should not exceed 203 X 254 mm (8 X 10 inches).

③ If there are two or more pictures in the same figure, use consecutive alphabet letters to distinguish between the photos in like manner. Ex) Figure 1-A, Figure 1-B

④ In the case of a photomicrograph of a tissue sample, identify which region the tissue was extracted from and delineate on the staining methods. Make sure to include the magnification scale.

⑤ The following symbols should be used in graphs and used in the following order: , ▒, ▶, , , , ▷, .

4. Quotations from Other Sources
1  Quotations from other sources must be cited in as in the manner of the example below. Otherwise, refer to the Citing Medicine: The NLM (National Library of Medicine) Style Guide for Authors. Editors, and Publishers, 2nd Edition (2007)

 When authors are cited together, you can arrange them in parentheses in alphabetical order, dividing them with the semi-colon “;”.

Ex) Stress management [1], Nursing intervention [2,3], Newborn care [4-6]

3  If the main text was cited by the literature, include the family name with the year of publication in parentheses.
5. Reference List 
1  References follow the NLM style. Reference should be numbered serially in the order of appearance in the text, with numbers in brackets [ ]. If a reference is cited more than once, use the original reference number.
2  References should be written in English and listed according to the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers, 2nd Edition, 2007. (http:// www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine).  Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

 If there are more than seven authors, list the first six authors and then end the citation with “et al.”

Ex) Wolchik SA, West SG, Sandler IN, Tein J, Coatsworth D, Lengua L, et al.








1) Journals

① Journal articles

• For six or fewer authors, list all authors, list all authors

Ex) Diego MA, Field T, Hernandez-Reif M. Preterm infant weight gain is increased by massage therapy and exercise via different underlying mechanisms. Early Human Development. 2014;90(3):137-140. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2014.01.009

• For more than six authors, list the first six followed by et al.

Ex) Kang HK, Kim TB, Kim KH, Kim MJ, Kim JH, Kim HY, et al. Development and effect of a metabolic syndrome prevention program for university students using mobile application. Child Health Nursing Research. 2014;20(3):205-214. https://doi.org/10.4094/chnr.2014. 20.3.205

② Forthcoming journal articles

Ex) Heale R, Dickieson P, Carter L, Wenghofer EF. Nurse practitioners’ perceptions of interprofessional team functioning with implications for nurse managers. Journal of Nursing Management. Forthcoming 2013 May 9.

Ex) Scerri J, Cassar R. Qualitative study on the placement of Huntington disease patients in a psychiatric hospital: Perceptions of Maltese nurses. Nursing & Health Sciences. 2013. Forthcoming.

③ Journals on the internet

Ex) Yoon SH, Kim SJ. A study on the relativeness between safety knowledge and safety behavior of elementary school children. Journal of the Korean Society of School Health. [Internet]. 2012 June [cited 2017 November 7];25(1):39-50. Available from: http://www.jkssh.or.kr/journal/view.html?uid=81&page=&sort=&scale=10&all_k=&s_t=&s_a=&s_k=&s_v=25&s_n=1&spage=&pn=search&year=&vmd=Full.

④ Newspaper articles

Ex) Cho CU. Stem cell windpipe gives Korean toddler new life. The Korea Herald. 2013 May 2;Sect. 01.  




 2) Books

① Reference to an entire book

Ex) Brown B. Braving the wilderness: The quest for true belonging and the courage to stand alone. 1st ed. New York: Random House: 2017. p. 132.

Ex) Peate I. The student’s guide to becoming a nurse. 2nd ed. Chichester WS: John Wiley & Sons; 2012. p. 59-90.

Ex) Min KA, Kim CG. Nursing management. Jeonju: Knowledge & Future; 2012. p. 45-62.

② Chapter in an edited book

Ex) Bochner BH. Identification of nodal metastases: The role of iron oxide enhanced MRI. In: Lee CT, Wood DP, Editors. Bladder cancer. 1st ed. Totowa, New Jersey: Humana Press; 2010. P. 67-77.

③ Entire books on the internet

Ex) Radley DC, How SKH, Fryer AK, McCarthy D, Schoen C. Rising to the challenge: Results from a scorecard on local health system performance, 2012 [Internet]. U.S.A: Commonwealth Fund; 2012 March [cited 2017 February 8]. 14 p. Available from: http://www.commonwealthfund.org/~/media/files/publications/fund-report/2012/mar/localscorecard/1578_commission_rising_to_challenge_local_scorecard_2012_finalv2.pdf. 




3) Scientific and technical reports

Ex) Ministry of the Gender Equality and Family. 2015 Analysis of sex crime trends for children and adolescents -Focusing on the persons who registered information-. Research Report. Seoul, Korea: Ministry of the Gender Equality and Family; 2015 December. Report No.: 111383000-000563-01. 

Ex) Won YJ, Shin HR, Jeong GW, Shin AS, Gong HJ, Oh CM, et al. Cancer registration & statistics branch, division of cancer registration & surveilance. National Cancer Control Institute Annual Report (2010, cancer registration statistics). Seoul, Korea: National Cancer Center; 2012 November. Report No.: 2012.11-13520000010145-10.




4) Unpublished thesis or dissertations

Ex) Lee YH. Development and effects of nocturnal emission and menstruation education program using CAI for Korean elementary school children [dissertation]. Seoul: Ewha Womans University; 2010. p. 1-118.

Ex) Kim CM. A study on the change of mother-child interaction through parent coaching program [master’s thesis]. Seoul: Graduate School of Myeongji National University; 2012. p. 1-92.




5) Conference proceedings

Ex) Bell JM. Highlights from the 10th international family nursing conference. Making family nursing visible: From knowledge building to knowledge translation 10th international family nursing conference; 2011 june 24-48; Kyoto International Conference Center. Kyoto: Sage Publications; 2012. P. 135-139. 




6) Web

Ex) Korea Internet & Security Agency. 2016 Survey on the internet usage summary [Internet]. Seoul: Korea Internet & Security Agency; 2017 [cited 2017 July 1]. Available from: https://isis.kisa.or.kr/board/?pageId =060100&bbsId=7&itemId=818&searchKey=&searchTxt=&pageInd ex=1.

Ex) Statistics Korea. 2014 Maternal birth rate by age [Internet]. Seoul: Statistics Korea; 2014 [cited 2015 February 10]. Available from: http:// kosis.kr/index/index.do.




Publication charge


 There are charges to the authors for the publication of article on CHNR as following;

• For member of the Academy

- 30,000 won per page for 1-10 pages, 40,000 won per each additional page after the 10th page

- 60,000 won for peer-reviewing - 20,000 won for English editorial review of abstract

- Exempt of DOI fee (CHNR supports DOI fee for the member valued as 55,000 won for Korean, 99,000 won for English).

• For non-member of the Academy

- 50,000 won per page for 1-10 pages, 60,000 won per each additional page after the 10th page

- 70,000 won for peer-reviewing - 20,000 won for English editorial review of abstract

- 55,000 won for DOI in Korean, 99,000 won for DOI in English













Editorial Office

Child Health Nursing Research

Editor-in-Chief  Hyun Young Koo, College of Nursing, Daegu Catholic University, Republic of Korea
Tel: +82-53-650-4829, Fax: +82-53-650-4392, E-mail: hykoo@cu.ac.kr

Manuscript Editor Bo Ryeong Lee, College of Nursing, Daegu Catholic University, Republic of Korea
Tel: +82-53-650-4829, Fax: +82-53-650-4392, E-mail: deluxei@naver.com

Editor-in-Chief Won-Oak Oh, College of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul, Repulic of Korea
Tel: +82-2-3290-4928, Fax: +82-2-927-4676, E-mail: wooh@korea.ac.kr

Manuscript Editor Mirim Kim, College of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul, Repulic of Korea
Tel: +82-2-3290-4910, Fax: +82-2-927-4976, E-mail: kmrim88@naver.com 

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