Table of Contents
About the Journal
Child Health Nursing Research (Child Health Nurs Res) is a multidisciplinary, double-blind peer-reviewed, open access international journal that publishes original research, theory, and review papers on health care and nursing for infants, children, adolescents, and families. It is devoted to all fields of child health, including global and cultural issues, aimed at both domestic and international health care professionals. Child Health Nursing Research is the official journal of the Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing. The journal is published quarterly in English. The journal welcomes submissions from health care professionals around the world, and encourages the submission of papers dealing with cultural issues and those studied by international research teams.
Aims and Scope
Child Health Nursing Research publishes high-quality papers covering the most recent clinically and academically relevant topics in health care and nursing for infants, children, adolescents, and families. The journal publishes papers that address not only research, theory, and practice in a wide range of child health nursing areas, but also relevant cultural issues.
This journal is published for health care professionals and administrators serving infants, children, adolescents, and families, working to promote child care and welfare. Through CHNR, readers obtain information on the most recent clinically and academically relevant topics in health care and nursing for infants, children, adolescents, and families. Specifically, nurses, midwives, physicians, developmental specialists, and public health workers in the field can obtain the most recent information about health problems and nursing strategies for children and families. Administrators of health care facilities and public health centers can access a variety of data regarding health problems and obtain insights into health care planning for children and families. Social scientists and epidemiologists can access and utilize data on recent health problems of infants, children, adolescents, and families. Child health educators can obtain the most up-todate information on child health, so that they can convey that knowledge to students in the field of child health care and nursing. Researchers can learn about state-of-the-art research methodology for child health care.
Research and Publication Ethics
1. Human Rights and Protection
1) IRB regulation: CHNR endorses and follows international standards of ethical practice in human rights and protection and the principles addressed in the Declaration of Helsinki (Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects, https://www.wma.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/DoH-Oct2013-JAMA.pdf). According to the Bioethics and Biosafety Act of Korea and in order to meet international standards for ethical practice in human rights and protection, any research involving human subjects must be approved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB). The researcher(s) must also obtain written voluntary informed consent from the participants or their parent or legal guardian. If the research involves a child or any vulnerable subject in any way, special and sensitive protection is needed to ensure the safety and human rights of the subject. When necessary, the editor of CHNR may ask the author(s) to present the relevant document(s) on the human rights and protection issues related to the manuscript, such as the informed consent form or the evidence for the IRB approval of the study.
2) When animals are used as research subjects, the study must be conducted in correspondence with related regulations such as those of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs), or National Institutes of Health (NIH) Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Any treatment methods in conflict with the regulations must be described and may be grounds for rejection of the paper.
The practices of CHNR regarding research and publication ethics strictly follow the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines (http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/roles-and-responsibilities/defining-the-role-of-authors-and-contributors.html), which state that authorship credit should be based on all of the following: substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND final approval of the version to be published; AND agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. All other contributors should be credited in the acknowledgments. After the initial submission of a manuscript, any changes whatsoever in authorship (adding author(s), deleting author(s), or re-arranging the order of authors) must be explained in a letter to the editor from the authors concerned. This letter must be signed by all authors of the paper. Copyright assignment must also be completed by every author.
3. Submission Declaration
Duplicate publication or duplicate submission is prohibited. Manuscripts that have been published or are being submitted to other journal(s) should not be submitted to CHNR. Manuscripts that have been published or are currently under consideration for publication in CHNR must not be submitted to another journal. Upon notice of a duplicate submission, submission privileges to CHNR will be suspended for 2 years.
1) Decision criteria for duplicate publication: The manuscript has never been published in another language, or in any medium—print, electronic media, or an academic journal.
2) The corresponding author must obtain approval from the editor-in-chief of each of the related journals if s/he wishes to reprint the published manuscript in another language.
3) The editorial board will determine the nature and degree of duplicate publication or duplicate submission of the manuscript.
1) After the acceptance of the manuscript, the author must submit the copyright transfer agreement to the Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing. All authors should print their names and sign the copyright transfer agreement.
2) All manuscripts published in CHNR are protected by copyright. The copyright and the transfer right of the digital content of the published paper and journal are owned by the Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing. All authors should agree to the copyright transfer during the submission process.
5. Data Sharing
This journal follows the data sharing policy described in “Data Sharing Statements for Clinical Trials: A Requirement of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors” (https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2017.32.7.1051). As of July 1, 2018 manuscripts submitted to ICMJE journals that report the results of interventional clinical trials must contain a data sharing statement as described below. Clinical trials that begin enrolling participants on or after January 1, 2019 must include a data sharing plan in the trial's registration. The ICMJE's policy regarding trial registration is explained at https://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/publishing-and-editorial-issues/clinical-trial-registration.html. If the data sharing plan changes after registration this should be reflected in the statement submitted and published with the manuscript, and updated in the registry record. All of the authors of research articles that deal with interventional clinical trials must submit data sharing plan of example 1 to 4 in Table 1. Based on the degree of sharing plan, authors should deposit their data after deidentification and report the DOI of the data and the registered site.
Table 1. Examples of data sharing statements that fulfill the requirements of the International
6. Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statements
The publication and research ethics of CHNR strictly follow the ICMJE guidelines (http://www.icmje.org/).
1) Reporting standards: Authors should report on their work accurately and objectively without inappropriate manipulation. Authors should describe their methods and procedures in enough detail and present sufficient references so that others can replicate the work. Authors should not produce, record, or report non-existent data and results, and should not change or omit data. Authors should also avoid producing multiple publications (“salami slicing”) from content that should be only one substantial manuscript. Manuscripts that do not follow the international ethical standards of research and publication (i.e., those that involve fabrication, falsification, salami slicing, plagiarism, or simultaneous/duplicate submission) will not be considered for publication in CHNR. The editorial board will adjudicate the specific reasons for rejection.
2) Authorship of the manuscript: Authorship must be limited to those who have made a substantial contribution to the manuscript in terms of the conception and design, as well as the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data. All authors should be involved in drafting and revising the manuscript, and must approve the final version of the manuscript. The corresponding author should confirm that all appropriate persons are listed as authors in the manuscript, and all co-authors should approve the final version to be published.
3) Originality and plagiarism: Authors are required to submit original manuscripts, and confirm that they have cited or quoted others’ ideas and texts appropriately and accurately. Plagiarism means the appropriation of another person’s ideas, research processes, results, or text as one’s own. This includes using previously published material of oneself or any other author without citing the reference. The editorial board of CHNR uses the Crossref Similarity Check tool to check for plagiarism. If plagiarism is discovered in the manuscript, the manuscript will not be published.
4) Multiple, simultaneous, or duplicate submission: Authors should not submit the same research to more than one journal and should not publish the manuscript in different languages. If authors wish to pursue a secondary publication of the manuscript in another language, they should obtain approval from the editor-in-chief of both related journals. The editorial board will determine the nature and degree of duplicate publication or duplicate submission for the manuscript.
5) Data access and retention: Authors should retain research data and be prepared to allow access to the data in case the editorial board asks them to provide the raw data in connection with editorial review.
6) Disclosure and conflict of interest: Authors are required to disclose commercial or similar relationships to products or companies mentioned in the article being submitted or related to its subject matter.
7) Acknowledgment of sources: Sources of funding for the manuscript should be acknowledged. Authors should use or report the information obtained privately with explicit, written permission from sources.
8) Fundamental errors in a manuscript: When authors find a fundamental error in a published manuscript, they should immediately inform the editor and cooperate with the editor to correct or withdraw the manuscript.
9) Process for managing publication malpractice: When reviewers or readers suspect publication malpractice such as fabrication, falsification, salami slicing, plagiarism, or simultaneous/duplicate duplicate publication, inappropriate changes in authorship, an undisclosed conflict of interest, ethical problems with a submitted manuscript, a reviewer who has appropriated an author’s idea or data, complaints against editors, and so on, the process of resolution will be initiated following the flowchart provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (http://publicationethics.org/resources/flowcharts). The ethics committee will discuss and adjudicate cases of suspected publication malpractice, as well as complaints and appeals against editors. CHNR will not hesitate to publish errata, corrigenda, clarifications, retractions, apologies, and expressions of concern when needed.
Submission and Review System
1. Types of Manuscripts
This journal publishes original research, theory, and review papers on health care and nursing for infants, children, adolescents, and families.
2. Authors of Manuscripts
1) Anyone may submit a manuscript for publication in CHNR. If at least one of the authors is a member of the Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing, the paper will qualify for a discounted publication fee structure.
2) If the manuscript is the product of a dissertation, the author must disclose that the manuscript is the product of a dissertation for an academic degree program. The first author must be the author of the dissertation.
3. Submission of Manuscripts
1) The manuscript must be submitted online through http://www.e-chnr.org/ (website of CHNR) or http://www.chnr-submission.org/ (peer review system of CHNR). There, authors may review the submission instructions and access all submission forms, including the author checklist.
2) More details on other pertinent regulations are available on the website of the journal. Should there be any question on how to use the online submission system, authors may contact the editorial office of CHNR.
3) After the acceptance of the manuscript, the author must submit the copyright transfer agreement and conflict of interest disclosure statement. All forms (the author’s checklist, copyright transfer agreement, and disclosure of conflicts of interest) are available on the websites of the journal (https://www.e-chnr.org/authors/authors.php) and the Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing (http://www.childnursing.or.kr).
4) All authors should print their names and sign the copyright transfer agreement and conflict of interest disclosure form.
4. Review of Manuscripts
1) Manuscripts which do not meet the submission requirements will not be processed for peer review.
2) All manuscripts are treated as confidential. They are peer reviewed by at least 3 anonymous qualified reviewers within a few days of submission to determine whether they adhere to the journal’s policies and fit the submission guidelines.
3) The editor-in-chief of CHNR will make the final decision regarding the manuscript’s publication based on the reviewers’ comments and the scientific merits of the manuscript.
4) Any potential or existing conflict and issues in the manuscript must be discussed in detail with the editorial board.
5) The author is responsible for the following fees: a publication fee, a special typesetting fee, and the printing fee for each volume.
5. Manuscript Archiving
All manuscripts published in CHNR are freely available through open access to read and download from any electronic link, including those found on the CHNR website (http://www.e-chnr.org/) immediately and permanently after publication. In the event CHNR is no longer published, previously published articles will continue to be available via National Library of Korea (http://nl.go.kr) and/or ScienceCentral (https://www.e-sciencecentral.org/journals/169/), and/or KoreaMed (https://koreamed.org/volumes/4095).
Guidelines for Manuscript Preparation
1. General Information
1) Manuscript length: The manuscript including the abstract, text, references, tables, and figures should be no more than 20 pages and no more than 6,000 words. Manuscripts exceeding 20 pages or 6,000 words will not be accepted.
2) Manuscript layout: The manuscript should be submitted as a Microsoft Word file with an A4 paper size layout. The margins of the paper should be set as follows: top 30 mm, bottom 25 mm, left 25 mm, and right 25 mm. A 10-point font size should be used, and the text should be double-spaced.
3) Abbreviations used: If authors choose to use an English abbreviation, the full spelling must be used upon first mention, and the abbreviation maybe used thereafter. The title should not include any abbreviations.
4) Samples and participants: Authors should confirm the correct use of the words “sex” (when reporting biological factors) and “gender” (identity, psychosocial, or cultural factors), and report the sex or gender of study participants. If the study was done involving an exclusive population, authors should explain the reason. Authors should define how they determined race or ethnicity and justify its relevance.
5) Prior approval for the use of psychosocial questionnaires (survey tools): Authors must acquire permission for the utilization of any psychosocial questionnaire from the tool’s copyright holder.
6) Describing machinery or technical equipment: When identifying machinery and equipment, the following should be included in parentheses: the model, manufacturer, city, and country. Brand names are identified by ™, ®, etc. Brand names should be used only when necessary.
7) When the manuscript is submitted, references and citations may follow any accepted style: The National Library of Medicine (NLM), American Psychological Association (APA), etc. However, after the manuscript is accepted, all references and citations must be converted to follow Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 2nd Edition (2007). It is the responsibility of the submitting author(s) to confirm that NLM style guidelines are adhered to prior to final publication.
2. Reporting guidelines for specific study designs
Research reports frequently omit important information. As such, reporting guidelines have been developed for a number of study designs that some journals may ask authors to follow. Authors are encouraged to also consult the reporting guidelines relevant to their specific research design. A good source of reporting guidelines is the EQUATOR Network (http://www.equator-network.org/home/) and the United States National Institutes of Health/ National Library of Medicine (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/services/research_report_guide.html).
3. Sequence of Headings in an Original Article
1) The manuscript should be organized in the following order: Cover letter, title page, article title, abstract and keywords, text, references, tables, and figures. Each section should be clearly delineated.
2) Cover letter: The authors should address a cover letter to the editor in which they summarize the main components of the manuscript and what makes its contribution original and relevant to the Aims and Scope of CHNR. The author(s) should also address any other matters associated with authorship and publication they wish the editors to consider.
3) Title page
An abstract of up to 200 words for articles (including reviews) should be typed double-spaced on a separate page. It should cover the main factual points, including statements of the purpose, methods, results, and conclusions. The abstract should be accompanied by a list of three to five keywords for indexing purposes. The keywords should be a specific as possible and drawn from the list of MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) keywords (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html).
4. Tables and Figures
1) Tables and figures, including illustrations and photos, should be presented or described in English. The total number of tables and figures is no more than 5 in a manuscript. The figures should be on separate pages.
2) All tables and figures should be easy to understand, even when presented separately from the rest of the manuscript, and should present information relevant to the study.
3) Table formatting
5. Quotations from Other Sources
Citations may follow any style, for example, NLM, APA, etc. However, after the manuscript is accepted, all references and citations must follow Citing Medicine: vii The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 2nd Edition (2007) (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine).
6. Reference List
1) After the manuscript is accepted, all references and citations must follow Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 2nd Edition (2007). References should be numbered serially in the order of appearance in the text, with numbers in brackets [ ]. If a reference is cited more than once, the original reference number should be used.
2) The name of the journal should be written in full. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.
3) If there are 7 or more authors of a cited work, the first 6 should be listed, followed by “et al.”
Example: Wolchik SA, West SG, Sandler IN, Tein J, Coatsworth D, Lengua L, et al.
Korean Women’s Development Institute. 2015 National multicultural family survey report. Survey Report. Seoul: Ministry of Gender Equality and Family; 2016. Report No.: MOGEF2016-3.
Won YJ, Shin HR, Jeong GW, Shin AS, Gong HJ, Oh CM, et al. Cancer registration and statistics branch, division of cancer registration and surveillance. National Cancer Control Institute Annual Report. Seoul: National Cancer Center; 2012 November. Report No.: 2012.11-13520000010145-10.
4) Unpublished theses or dissertations
Lee YH. Development and effects of nocturnal emission and menstruation education program using CAI for Korean elementary school children [dissertation]. Seoul: Ewha Womans University; 2010. p. 1-118.
Choi JW. Clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of pediatric neurofibromatosis type 2: Neurosurgical series [master’s thesis]. Seoul: Seoul National University; 2013. p. 1-45.
5) Conference proceedings
Bell JM. Highlights from the 10th international family nursing conference. Making family nursing visible: From knowledge building to knowledge translation 10th international family nursing conference; 2011 June 24-48; Kyoto International Conference Center. Kyoto: Sage Publications; 2012. p. 135-139.
Statistics Korea. Cause of death statistics in 2015 [Internet]. Daejeon: Statistics Korea; 2016 [cited 2016 September 27]. Available from: http://kostat.go.kr/portal/eng/pressReleases/8/10/index.board?bmode=read&bSeq=&aSeq=357968&pageNo=1&rowNum=10&navCount=10&currPg=&sTarget=title&sTxt=
Statistics Korea. 2014 Maternal birth rate by age [Internet]. Seoul: Statistics Korea; 2014 [cited 2015 February 10]. Available from: http://kosis.kr/index/index.do
A page charge and article processing fee are applied. The following are the charges to the authors for publication of an article in CHNR:
• For a member of the Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing
- 50,000 won per page.
• For a non-member of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing
- 60,000 won per page.
* 1,000 won = approximately US $1.
Researchers in developing countries may be exempt from author fees upon consultation with the Editorial Board.
Child Health Nursing Research
Hyun Young Koo, RN, PhD
Bo Ryeong Lee, RN, MS
Beom Soo Kim
Andrew Dombrowski, PhD
Website and JATS XML File Producer
Min Young Choi