eISSN : 2233-7830
pISSN : 2233-7822
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Author's Guide
Instructions to Authors


Manuscripts should be prepared according to the research and publication ethics guidelines recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE, http://www.icmje.org/), Council of Science Editors (http://www.councilscienceeditors.org/), World Association of Medical Editors (WAME, http://www.wame.org/), and the Korean Association Medical Journal Editors (https://www.kamje.or.kr/en/main_en).
Declaration of funding source and conflicts of interest
Authors always state the source of any funding for research or towards publication of their article, including the government and private or commercial sources.
Conflicts of interest is required to be stated in the manuscript. Conflicts of interest are the interest of the author(s) which may influence the objectivity, integrity and value of the publication. The examples are; Employment by any organization with a financial interest in or financial conflict with the publication of the article. Financial support by any organization with a financial interest in or financial conflict with the publication of the article. Personal financial interests: financial interests such as stocks and shares in companies with a financial interest in or financial conflict with the publication of the article; consultation fees or other remuneration from organizations with a financial interest in or financial conflict with the publication of the article; patents or patent applications which may be affected by publication of the article. Membership to organizations with a financial interest in or financial conflict with the publication of the article.
If a reviewer or editor of a manuscript feels a conflict of interest in making a decision on a manuscript, (s)he should return the manuscript to the editorial office.
Statement of Informed Consent and Institute Review Board
Studies on human subjects must have been approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB). Also, informed consent must be obtained from the patients who participated in the study. The manuscript must include a statement of the informed consent and ethical approval including IRB information in Materials and Methods. These documents can be requested from the editor, reviewer, or publisher. In case of animal study, authors should indicate whether institutional and national guides for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.
All authors should have made substantial contributions to all of the following according to the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE): 1. "Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work"; AND 2. "Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content"; AND, 3. "Final approval of the version to be published"; AND 4. "Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved". All authors must participate in determining the order of authorship.
Originality, Duplicate Publication, and Secondary Publication
The submitted manuscript should be original and it should not be considered to be published to other journals at the same time. Any part of the manuscript such as figures and tables should not be duplicated in any other published article without permission of the Editorial board. If duplication is found, the authors might be imposed penalty according to the decision by our research ethics committee. Manuscript can be republished if it satisfies the conditions of secondary publication of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.
   Except for the negotiated secondary publication, manuscript submitted to the Journal must be previously unpublished and not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. Guidelines for the overlapping publications are based on instructions described in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscript Submitted to Biomedical Journals (Ann Intern Med 1997: 126; 36-47, http://www.icmje.org).

   Manuscript decisions are based on the results of peer review. To ensure that this is unbiased, reviewers receive manuscripts with blind title pages. Under any circumstances, the identities of the reviewers will not be revealed. The Editor reserves the right to make changes which may clarify or condense papers where this is considered desirable.
   The manuscript is requested to be submitted to the editor-in-chief electronically by the email. Submission letter, electronic copy of manuscript, and electronic copy of figures, tables, and copyright transfer agreement should be submitted simultaneously. The processing is informed to the corresponding author. Please review the check lists just before submission. Submission of a manuscript to ISD is free. Regarding the printed journal and reprints, contact the Editor by email please.

Min-Suk Heo, DDS, MSD, PhD
Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
School of Dentistry, Seoul National University
275-1 Yeongeon-dong, Jongno-gu, Seoul 110-768, Korea
Tel: 82-2-2072-3812, Fax: 82-2-744-3919
E-mail: hmslsh@snu.ac.kr, Website: http://www.isdent.org

Original Articles
1) General guidelines
ㆍ Manuscript should be organized in the following order: the Cover page, Title Page (title only), Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgement, References, Tables, Figure legends, and Figures. Each section should begin on a new page.
ㆍ Manuscript should be written by using Microsoft Word in electronic form and must be typed in double space on A4 size paper with a 3 cm margin of every side.
ㆍ All manuscript pages are to be numbered consecutively. Neither the author’s names nor their affiliations should appear on the manuscript pages.
ㆍ Any equipment and drugs mentioned should specify the manufacturer and their locations (city and country) in the parentheses.
ㆍOnce accepted, the final version of the manuscript can be submitted by email.
2) The cover page
ㆍ This should contain the title of an article, full names of authors and institutional affiliation(s). If several authors and institutions are listed, they should be clearly indicated with which department and institution each author is affiliated with superscripts as "1", "2" ..., and etc., beginning at the second organization. In a separate paragraph, address for correspondence, including the name of corresponding author, address (institutional affiliation, city, zip-code and country), telephone and fax numbers, and email address, should be given. Information concerning the sources of financial support should be placed as a footnote.
3) The title page
ㆍ Put only the title of the manuscript on the title page.
4) Abstract
ㆍThis should not exceed 250 words and should be provided on a separate page.
ㆍThe abstract should be constructed under the following subheadings: Purposes, Materials and Methods, Results, and Conclusion.
ㆍDescribe each item separately in the following order.
Purpose: In one or two sentences, indicate the specific purpose of the article, and indicate why it is worthy of attention. The purpose stated here must be identical to the one given in the title of the paper and the introduction.
Materials and Methods: Describe succinctly the methods used to achieve the purpose explained in the first paragraph, stating what was done and how, how bias was controlled, what data were collected, and how the data were analyzed.
Results: The findings of the methods described in the preceding paragraph are to be presented, with specific data. All results should flow logically from the methods described.
Conclusion: In one or two sentences, state the conclusion of the study. This must be related directly to the purpose of the papers, as defined in the first paragraph of the abstract.
ㆍDo not use abbreviations or reference citations.
ㆍAt the bottom of the abstract, select up to 4 key words from the current Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) in Index Medicus. Refer the website "http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html".
5) Introduction
ㆍBriefly describe the purpose of the investigation, including relevant background information.
6) Materials and Methods
Describe the research plan, the materials (or subjects), and the methods used, in that order. When experimental methodology is the main issue of the paper, describe the process in detail so as to recreate the experiment as closely as possible.
7) Results
Present these in a clear, logical sequence. Since biometrics involves variations in exact measurements, follow the rule of using statistics when experimentation is described. If tables are used, do not duplicate tabular data in the text, but do describe important trends and points.
8) Discussion
Observations pertaining to the results of research and other related materials should be interpreted for your readers. Emphasize new and important observations; do not merely repeat the contents of the results. Explain the meaning of the observed opinion along with its limits, and within the limits of the research results connect the conclusion to the purpose of the research. In a concluding paragraph, summarize the result and its meaning.
9) References
ㆍStart on a separate page, numbering the references consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text.
ㆍAll references should be cited in the text, and in the text indicate the reference with superscription with Arabic numerals.
ㆍJournal titles should be abbreviated according to the Index Medicus.
ㆍAll authors are to be listed when six or fewer; when there are seven or more, the first six should be given, followed by 'et al'.
ㆍAfter writing the authors’ last names first, the initial of their first and middle names should be capitalized.
ㆍFor all references, the starting page and the last page numbers are to be given.
ㆍThe formats are illustrated in the following examples.
Journal article :
Hayakawa Y, Eraso FE, Scarfe WC, Farman AG, Nishidawa K, Kuroyanagi K, et al. Modulation transfer function analysis of a newly revised rotational panoramic machine, Dentomaxillofac Radiol 1996; 25: 32-6.
Complete book :
Goaz PW, White SC. Oral radiology; principles and interpretation. 3rd ed. St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book Inc; 1994.
Chapter in the book :
Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. p. 465-78.
Journal article in press :
Figueiredo PT, Leite AF, Freitas AC, Nascimento LA, Cavalcanti MG, Melo NS, et al. Comparison between computed tomography and clinical evaluation in tumour/node stage and follow-up of oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer. Dentomaxillofac Radiol (in press).
Abstracts :
Mileman PA, Espelid I. Radiographic treatment decisions - a comparison between Dutch and Norwegian practitioners. J Dent Res 1986; 65: 609 (Abstr 32).
Letter to the editor :
Farman AG. Panoramic radiographic images and the prediction of asymmetry. Dentomaxillofac Radiol 2006; 35: 129 (letter).
Supplement :
Heitz-Mayfield LJ, Lang NP. Antimicrobial treatment of peri-implant diseases. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2004; 19 Suppl: 128-39.
Others : follow the form indicated in Uniform Requirements (1997)
10) Tables
ㆍFor tables, Arabic numerals should be employed. The title of the table should be clearly stated in the form of a phrase or clause.
ㆍTables should not be longer than one page and must contain at least four lines and two columns of data.
ㆍTables are to be numbered in the order in which they are cited in the text.
ㆍAbbreviations should be defined in an explanatory note below each table.
ㆍUse of the symbols, follow the sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ∥, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡
ㆍTables should be self-explanatory and readily comprehensible.
11) Figures
ㆍDo not include the personal information on the figure or radiograph.
ㆍAn individual should not be recognizable in the photographs unless written consent of the subject has been obtained and is provided at the time of submission.
ㆍFigures should be submitted as TIFF or JPG format files over 300 dpi for color or radiographic images and over 1200 dpi for line drawings.
ㆍIf there are two or more figures in one number, indicate with alphabet (i.e.: Fig. 1A, Fig. 1B, Fig. 1 and 2, Fig. 2A and B).
ㆍLine drawings should be black on a white background.
ㆍArrows and lettering can be applied on the figures.
ㆍWritten permission should be obtained for the use of all previously published illustrations.
ㆍAuthors may wish to make written suggestions about the arrangement of illustrations.
12) Figure Legends
ㆍNumbering the figures consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text.
ㆍDescribe the description using one complete sentence rather than a phrase or clause on a separate page.
ㆍAll abbreviations should be described as full name in each figure.
ㆍRepresentations of microscopic images should include the magnifying power.
A review article should focus on a specific topic in a scholarly manner. This can be published as a commissioned paper at the request of the editorial board.
Case Reports
Abstract: The abstract should be limited to 150 words or less and consists of one paragraph without a separate introduction, materials and methods, results or conclusion.
Introduction: Without using the title as an introduction, describe briefly the general background and significance of the case study.
Case report: The clinical study should be restricted to matters directly related to image diagnosis.
Discussion: Focus on the specific area which the case emphasizes and avoid lengthy explanations of references.
Pictorial Essay
This is a visual teaching material. Messages are delivered by figures and their legends. This consists of abstract (within 150 wprds), brief explanations, discussion, references, and legends.  There should not be an acknowledgment.
Letters to the Editor
Constructive criticism of a specific thesis published by the Korean Journal of Oral Maxillofacial Radiology is welcome. Letters dealing with subjects of general interest within the field of oral and maxillofacial radiology or personal opinions on a specific subject within the realm of scientific study may also be accepted.
Written permission should be obtained for the use of all previously published illustrations, and copies of permission letters are to be included. An appropriate credit line should be included in the accompanying legend.


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