Research Ethics Regulation
Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of the Regulation is to provide the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics (hereinafter the ‘KSAA) with principles and directions in order to secure research ethics.
Article 2 (Application and scope of the regulation)
This regulation applies in respect to the members of the KSAA and any business hosted by the KSAA.
Article 3 (Definition of unethical acts in research)
An unethical act includes, but not limited to forgery, falsification, plagiarism, unreasonable identification of author(s), overlapped research, redundant publication, misrepresentation of achievements and inappropriate research activities in relation to any stage of research submitted. These stages may include but not be limited the research proposal, research performance and research conclusion presentation.
Forgery means intentional falsehood and fabrication of any proof, faking non-existent data and falsely making research result.
Falsification means manipulation of research process and fabricating or elimination of research data in order to finally distort the research contents.
Plagiarism means usage of ideas, contents, conclusion, or simply language of research of others without legitimate permission or proper quotation marks.
False indication of author(s) means not granting authorship to the person(s) who has contributed to the research contents or conclusion without proper reason or granting authorship to who has not contributed to the research.
Overlapped research is an act to present the same research result by conducting more than two separate researches under the same contents.
Redundant publication means publishing articles with the same contents to more than two academic journals.
Misrepresentation of achievements means an act of the author(s) to falsely present his/her educational background, experience, qualification and research achievement or result .
Any other activities, which is not considered acceptable in the field of aviation, aeronautics, and academia.
Inappropriate research activities mean falsely indicating authorship to the research without proper contribution and/or overlooking any aforementioned unethical act in the research that one is participating.
Article 4 (Publicity of the research ethics)
The KSAA shall publicize the research ethics regulation for members and other related business hosted by the KSAA. In case of authors of manuscripts, authors shall be well informed of the research ethics and keep an oath before presentation of an article or research.
Article 5 (Rights of the informant)
An informant refers to someone who reports any unethical act or provides proof of an unethical act to the KSAA.
A case maybe reported by any necessary means such as orally, in writing, by phone call, by post, or e-mail with the clear identity of the informant. If a matter is filed with the full research title or article title, concrete proof and contents of the unethical acts but without the identity of the informant, this matter may be acted upon as if identification has been already provided.
The KSAA will protect the informant from any disadvantage, unfair pressure or threats which may be caused.
If the informant is willing to know the investigation process or agenda, the KSAA shall inform the informant faithfully.
If it is confirmed that the matter is filed falsely, the informant shall not be protected by the KSAA.
Article 6 (Protection of reported authors’ rights)
The KSAA will uphold the rights and honour of the reported author(s) until the investigation is completed. If the reported author is confirmed to be innocent, the KSAA must do its best to redeem the honour of the reported author.
Suspicion of an unethical act will not be made public, until the committee confirm the suspicion after in-depth and deliberate investigation
A reported author may request the procedure of the investigation and investigation schedule. The KSAA shall inform the reported author on the requested information faithfully.
Article 7 (Duty to verify fidelity)
When there is commission of unethical acts or any unethical matter is filed, the Editor-in-Chief shall faithfully initiate further investigation through the Ethics Committee.
Article 8 (Prescription of the fidelity verification)
If any matter older than three (3) years is filed, by virtue of principle an investigation will not be inititated
Any research result of an unethical act older than three (3) years is quoted in order to use conduct any relevant matters with a further research, which includes, but not limited to the research proposal, request for research expenses, performance of the research, report of the research and presentation, and if such behaviour harms the public welfare or public safety, the matter shall be investigated in accordance with the relevant provisions.
Article 9 (Fidelity verification process)
Verification unethical acts shall be composed of investigations and decision.
If required, any extra process other than mentioned in Article 9(1) shall be added to the process.
Article 10 (Investigation)
An investigation is a process to verify the fidelity of the suspicion of an unethical act. The Ethics Committee in accordance with the relevant provisions initiates an investigation.
The Ethics Committee shall provide the informant and the reported author(s) with sufficient opportunities to defend and argue the case during the investigation. After the announcement of the decision, the Ethics Committee shall provide the informant and the reported authors with opportunities to make an objection and plead. If interested parties do not respond, no objection shall be regarded.
Article 11 (Decision)
Decision refers to confirm findings of the investigation and to notify the findings to the informant and the reported author(s). All stages of the investigation, from the initiative until the decision shall be completed within six (6) months.
Such period shall be prolonged with the approval of the Editor-in-Chief.
The informant and the reported author(s) do not agree with the decision of the Ethics Committee, an appeal shall be made within thirty days. The Ethics Committee may consider the appeal and approve another round of investigation if required.
Article 12 (Composition of the Ethics Committee)
The Ethics Committee shall be composed of more than five (5) persons.
Members of the Ethics Committee should be members of the KSAA.
Editor-in-Chief shall appoint the members of the Ethics Committee.
Article 13 (Authorities of Ethics Committee)
During the investigation process, the Ethics Committee shall request the presence of the informant, reported author(s), witnesses, and testifier to give statements. The reported author(s) shall be present for such request.
The Ethics Committee may propose sanctions against the unethical act to the relevant authority.
Article 14 (Documentation, filing and release of the investigation process)
The Ethics Committee shall file all the documents of the investigation in audio, video, or written document for minimum period of five (5) years.
The investigation report as well as the list of investigator shall be made public. However, if it is expected that such disclosure may damage the independency of the investigation authority, if such disclosure may give any disadvantage to the witness, testifier, or any external consultants, the list may be kept internally.
Article 15 (Report of the investigation result)
The Ethics Committee shall notify the contents and results of the investigation to the Editor-in-Chief within ten (10) days after the completion and after the decision of the investigation.
The final investigation report shall include:
Contents of the initial file of the act
Investigation subject, which is an unethical act
List of investigators
Decision to proceed the investigation and basis of the decision
Position of the reported author(s) in the subject research and facts of the suspicion.
An objection made by the informant or the reported author(s) and result of the objection
Article 16 (Miscellaneous)
Any points that are not provided in this Regulation shall be discussed the relevant provisions of the KSAA and if there is not a relevant provision in any other regulations of the KSAA, it shall be discussed by the Board of the Directors of the KSAA.
(Date into force) This regulation came into force per March 1, 2009.