Research and Publication Ethics
1. Human Rights and Protection
1) IRB regulation: The CHNR advocates and follows the international standards of ethical practice in Human rights, protection and the principles addressed in the Declaration of Helsinki (Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects, https://www.wma.net/wp-content/ uploads/2016/11/DoH-Oct2013-JAMA.pdf). By the regulation of the Bioethics and Biosafety act of Korea and in order to meet the international standards for ethical practice in human right and protection, any research involving human subjects must get the approval of institutional review board (IRB) or any equivalent authorized protocol. It must also achieve the voluntary informed consent in written form from the participants or the legal guardian of the participants such as parents of the child. If the research involves a child or any vulnerable subject in any matter, a special and sensitive protection is needed to make sure the safety and Human rights of the subjects. When necessary, the editor of CHNR may ask the author(s) to present the relevant document(s) on the human right and protection issues related to the manuscript such as the informed consent form or the evidence for the IRB approval of the study.
2) When animals are used as research subjects, the study must be conducted in corresponding with related regulations such as Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUC), or NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. It is necessary to specifically describe the treatment methods given in conflict with the regulations.
The publication and research ethics of CHNR strictly follow the ICMJE guidelines (http://www.icmje.org) which state that “authorship credit should be based on all of the following: 1) substantial contributions to conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or advising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published”. All other contributors should be listed as acknowledgments.
3. Submission Declaration
Duplicate publication or duplicate submission is prohibited. Manuscripts that have been published or are being submitted to other journal (s) are not allowed to submit to the Child Health Nursing Research. Manuscripts that have been published or are currently under consideration for publication in the Child Health Nursing Research are not allowed to submit to other journals. Upon notice of a duplicate submission, submission privileges to the Child Health Nursing Research will be suspended for two years.
1) Decision criteria for duplicate publication: The manuscript has never been published in another language, print, electronic media, and academic journals.
2) The corresponding author must obtain the approval from Editor-in- Chief of both related journals if s/he wants to reprint the published manuscript in another language.
3) The editorial board will determine the nature and degree of duplicate publication or duplicate submission of the manuscript.
1) After the acceptance of the manuscript, the author must submit the copyright transfer agreement to the Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing. All authors should print their name and sign on the copyright transfer agreement.
2) All manuscripts published in Child Health Nursing Research are protected by copyright. Any part of the manuscript is not allowed to be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form without the prior approval from the Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing.
5. Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statements
1) Reporting standards: Authors should report their works accurately and objectively without inappropriate manipulation. Authors should work out in detail and present sufficient references, so that others can replicate the work. Authors should not make, record or report non-existent data and results, and should not change or omit data. Authors, also make one substantial manuscript into many different manuscripts. Manuscripts that do not follow the international ethical standards of research and publication will not be considered for the publication to the CHNR (i.e. fabrication, falsification, salami slicing, plagiarism, simultaneous/ duplicate submission). The Editorial Board will decide on the specific reasons for rejection.
2) Authorship of the manuscript: Authorship is required to be limited to those who have made a substantial contribution to the conception, design, collection and analysis of data, interpretation of the manuscript. Authors should draft and revise the manuscript, and approve the final version of the manuscript. The corresponding author should confirm that all appropriate persons are listed as authors in the manuscript, and all co-authors should approve the final version to be published.
3) Originality and plagiarism: Authors are required to submit original manuscripts, and confirm that they have cited or quoted others’ ideas and text appropriately and accurately. Plagiarism means the appropriation of another person’s ideas, research processes, results, or text as your own. This includes using previously published material of the author without citing the reference. For checking for plagiarism, the Editorial Board of CHNR uses the CrossCheck checking tool. If plagiarism is discovered in the manuscript, the manuscript will not be published.
4) Multiple, simultaneous or duplicate submission: Authors should not summit the same research in more than one journal and should not publish the manuscript in different languages. If authors wish to a secondary publication of the manuscript in another language, they should obtain the approval from Editor-in-Chief of both related journals. The editorial board will determine the nature and degree of duplicate publication or duplicate submission for the manuscript.
5) Data access and retention: Authors should retain research data and prepare for public access to data if Editorial Board might ask them to provide the raw data in connection with editorial review.
6) Disclosure and conflict of interest: Authors are required to disclose commercial or similar relationships to products or companies mentioned in or related to the subject matter of the article being submitted.
7) Acknowledgement of sources: Sources of funding for the manuscript should be acknowledged. Authors should use or report the information obtained privately with explicit, written permission from sources.
8) Fundamental errors in manuscript: When authors find a fundamental error in the published manuscript, they should immediately inform the editor and cooperate with the editor to correct or withdraw the manuscript.
9) Process for managing publication malpractice: When reviewers or readers suspect publication malpractice such as fabrication, falsification, salami slicing, plagiarism, or simultaneous/duplicate publication, the process of resolution will be initiated following the flowchart provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (http://publicationethics.org/resources/flowcharts). The Editorial Board should discuss and make decisions on the suspected publication malpractice, as well as complaints and appeals against editors.