eISSN : 2287-9129
pISSN : 2287-9110
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Aims and Scope of Publication
1. Child Health Nursing Research (Child Health Nurs Res) is the official journal of the Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing. Child Health Nursing Research is devoted to the publication of groundbreaking research on the theories, practices, and education of child health nursing. The ultimate goal of Child Health Nursing Research is to contribute to health maintenance and promotion, disease prevention, and recovery of children and family members by developing theories and improving nursing intervention strategies with teaching and learning methods for nursing students.
2. The journal is published 4 times annually on the last days of the following months: January, April, July, and October. All issue will be electronically published without paper journal since 2015.
Ethical Considerations

In accordance to the Bioethics and Safety Law of Korea, Helsinki Declaration, if any research is done on human subjects, the researcher must explain the purpose of the experiment and must demonstrate that the subjects were protected from any mental or physical harm that might have occurred during the research. The informed voluntary written consent may be acquired from the study subject before the participation in the study. For such intervention study with human subjects, IRB approval is required. When necessary, the editor may request any documentation regarding ethical issues of the manuscript such as the written consent or the authorization by the IRB of the study.


When animals are used as research subjects, the study must be conducted in corresponding with related regulations such as Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUC), or NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. It is necessary to specifically describe the treatment methods given in conflict with the regulations.

3. Articles that do not follow the ethical guidelines of research and publication will not be published. The Editorial Board will decide on the specific reasons for rejection.
1) Fabrication: Making, recording, or reporting non-existent data and results
2) Falsification: Manipulating research material, equipment, and experimental processes; changing or omitting data; such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record.
3) Plagiarism: The appropriation of another person's ideas, research processes, results, or text as your own. This includes using previously published material of the author without citing the reference.


Duplicate publication or duplicate submission is prohibited. Manuscripts that have been published or are being submitted into other journal (s) are not allowed to submit to the Child Health Nursing Research, Manuscripts that have been published or are currently under consideration for publication in the Child Health Nursing Research are not allowed to submit to other journals. Upon notice of a duplicate submission, submission privileges to the Child Health Nursing Research will be suspended for two years.
1) Decision criteria for duplicate publication: The manuscript has never been published in another language, print, electronic media, and academic journals.
2) The corresponding author must obtain the approval from Editor-in-Chief of both related journals if s/he wants to reprint the published manuscript in another language.
3) The editorial board will determine the nature and degree of duplicate publication or duplicate submission for the manuscript.

5. In care that these rules are violated, the editorial board will take appropriate disciplinary action.
6. For the policies on the research and publication ethics not stated in these instructions, International standards for editors and authors (http://publicationethics.org/international-standards-editors-and-authors) can be applied.
The Submission of the Manuscript
1. The Types of Thesis Articles: The following types of theses articles are published in the journal:
1) Review article
2) Quantitative research article
3) Qualitative research article
4) Others: Concept analysis, Q methodological study,etc.
2. One of the authors should be a member of the Korean Academy of child Health Nusing at least. The non-member (s) could submit the manuscript to the journal with different conditions of publication fee.
3. If a manuscript is the product of dissertation, the author must disclose that the manuscript is the product of a degree. The author must be the owner of the dissertation.
4. Manuscripts which do not meet the submission requirements will not be processed for peer-review.

The manuscript must be submitted online.
1) Access http://www.chnr.or.kr (website of Child Health Nursing Research) or http://www.childnursing.or.kr (website of the Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing) and review the instruction with all forms such as the author checklist.
2) More details on other pertaining regulations are available on the website of the journal. Should there be any questions on how to use the system, contact the editorial office of the Child Health Nusing Research by telephone (+82-53-650-4829) or email (deluxei@naver.com).
* After the acceptance of the manuscript, the author must submit the copyright transfer agreement, disclosure statement on conflict of interest in publishing the work and ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors). All forms (the author's checklist, copyright transfer agreement and ICMJE form for disclosure of potential conflics of interest) will be placed at the website of the journal (http://www.chnr.or.kr) or the Korea Academy of Child Health Nusing (http://www.childnursing.or.kr).
* All authors should be print their name and sign the copyright transfer agreement and disclosure of conflict of interest form and author's checklist.

Guidelines for Manuscript Preparation
◎General Information
1. Manuscript volume
Including the abstract, text, bibliography, in tables, and figures; there should be less than 20 pages. Masnuscripts exceeding 20 pages will not be accepted.
2. Editing manuscripts
The paper setting should be A4, and compatible with Microsoft word. The paper marginal space is as follows: top 30mm, bottom 25mm, left 25mm, and right 25mm. The font size is 10 point, and the line space is 200.
3. Abbreviations used
If author chooses to use an English acronym, the full spelling must first be used then following the abbreviation. The title should not include any abbreviations.
4. Standard abbreviated words and units
Refer to The NLM (National Library of Medicine) Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 2nd Edition (2007) (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine).
5. A-Prior approval for the utilization of psychosocial questionnaire (survey tool)
All authors must acquire the copy-right permission for the utilization of psychosocial questionnaire from the tool inventor.
6. Describing the Machinery or Technical equipment
When identifying machinery and equipment, the following should be included in parentheses: the model, manufacturer, city, and country. Name brands are identified by such logos: , ®, etc. Use brand names only when necessary.
◎Sequence Headings of the Original Article
1.  The manuscript should be organized in the following order: Cover letter, title page, article title, abstract and keywords, text, references, tables, and figures. Each section should be clearly divided.

Cover letter

To the editor in which you could introduce the main themes and values of manuscript with authorship and publication matters you wish the editors to consider.

Title page
1) The content of title page should be in order as follows; Title, type of manuscript, author, name of corresponding author, any additional comments, key words, numbers of references, and words of English abstract.

2) Type of manuscript: Quantitative research, Qualitative research, Concept analysis, or Q methodology.

3) Author names: Write the name of all authors with highest academic degrees and affiliations including titles, department, and name and location of institutions to which the work should be attributed

4) The Corresponding author should be identified with full address, e-mail, phone and FAX numbers

5) Any matter pertaining to the research should be described such as Source of Research Funds, conflicts of interest, or thesis if indicated.

6) The maximum number of words for the English abstract is 200 words.

7) The maximum number of references is 30.


Abstract and keywords
An abstract of up to 200 words for articles (including reviews) should be typed double-spaced on a separate page. It should cover the main factual points, including statements of the purpose, methods, results, and conclusions. The abstract should be accompanied by a list of three to five keywords for indexing purposes; be very specific in your word choice. Use MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) keywords (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html).


1) The text should be composed in the following order: introduction, methods, results, discussion, conclusion, conflict of interest, acknowledgements, and references.

2) Introduction: Clearly state the need for this study and the main question or hypothesis of the study. Summarize the literature review or background in the area of the study.

3) Methods: Describe the study design, setting and samples, ethical considerations, measurements/instruments, data collection/procedure and data analysis used. If it is qualitative research instrument can be omitted.

4) Results: Describe the main results in a concise paragraph. This section should be the most descriptive. Note levels of statistical significance and confidence intervals where appropriate.

5) Discussion: Discussion should be based only on the reported results. Discussion for advances in nursing practice, nursing knowledge development, and nursing implication is strongly recommended.

6) Conclusion: State the conclusions and recommendations for further study. Do not summarize the study results.

7) Conflict of Interest: Authors are required to disclose commercial or similar relationships to products or companies mentioned in or related to the subject matter of the article being submitted.
Ex) No potential or any existing conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

8) Acknowledgements: Sources of funding for the article should be acknowledged before the reference section under the title of “Conflict of Interest”.
Ex) This work was supported by the 2018 OOOO University research grant.

◎Table, Figure, Picture
1.  Tables, figures, and photos should be presented in English. Only five visual images of these types are allowed in manuscript. Figures and photos should be on a separate sheet.
2.  All tables, figures, and photos should be easy to understand and present relevant information to the study. 

Table Format Rule
1) All lines are to be single. Vertical lines are not acceptable.

2) The title of a table should be placed on top. Within the title, the first letter of important words should be capitalized.
Ex) Table 1. Overall Responses to Question Types

3) Assign consecutive numbers to tables. For example: Table 1., Table 2., etc.

4) Table data should be explained in the footnotes. All abbreviations used in tables should be explained in footnotes.
Ex) HR=Heart rate, T=Temperature

5) When making reference to the footnotes section, use these symbols in the following order: *, †, ‡, §, ∥, ¶, #, **, ††. Further elaboration of these symbols should be given in the lower left area of the table.
Ex) *Survival case; †Dead case.

6) If the point value of the number exceeds '1', write 0 before the decimal point, otherwise do not write “0” before the decimal point.
Ex) t=0.261, F=0.923
Ex) p<.001, r=.014, R²=.614

7) The significant probability ‘p’ value should be written without a footnote and should be rounded to three decimal places. (For example: p =. 003)
If ‘p’ is 0.000, then indicate that p is less than 0.001 (p<.001).
If ‘p’ is 1.000, then indicate that ‘p’ is greater than 0.999 (p>.999).

4. Paintings and Photograph Format Rules
1) The title should be located at the bottom of the painting. Only capitalize the first letter of the first word. 
Ex) Figure 1. Mean responses to questions by student grade categories.

2) The size of the picture should be 102 X 152mm (4 X 6 inches). Larger pictures may be permitted; however, each picture should not exceed 203 X 254 mm (8 X 10 inches).

3) If there are two or more pictures in the same figure, use consecutive alphabet letters to distinguish between the photos in like manner. 

Ex) Figure 1-A, Figure 1-B.

4) In the case of a photomicrograph of a tissue sample, identify which region the tissue was extracted from and delineate on the staining methods. Make sure to include the magnification scale.

5) The following symbols should be used in the graph and used in like order: ●, ■, ▲, ◆, ○, □, △, ◇.
◎Quotations from other sources
1. Quotations from other sources must be cited in as in the manner of the example below. Otherwise, refer to the Citing Medicine: The NLM (National Library of Medicine) Style Guide for Authors. Editors, and Publishers, 2nd Edition (2007).
2. When authors are cited together, you can arrange them in number.
Ex) Stress management[1], Nursing intervention[2,3], Newborn care[4-6]
3. If the main text was cited by the literature, include the family name with the year of publication in parentheses.
◎Reference List
1. References cited in the text must be in the reference list. There can be at most thirty references in the reference list. The list must be in alphabetical order based on the authors’ surnames. If more than one reference from the same author, the list should be organized by the year of publication.
2. References should be written in English and must abide by the guidelines set forth in the American Psychological Association 5th. Edition (2001) publication manual and the APA format guide (2007). The names of journals, books, doctoral dissertations, and the volumes of journals should be italicized. For books, only the first letter of the name of book should be capitalized. For journals, the first letter of each word in the title should be capitalized.  

If there are more than seven authors, list the first six authors and then end the citation with “et al.”
Ex) Wolchik SA, West SG, Sandler IN, Tein J, Coatsworth D, Lengua L, et al.








1) Journals
(1) Journal Articles
• For six or fewer authors, list all authors, list all authors
Ex) Diego MA, Field T, Hernandez-Reif M. Preterm infant weight gain is increased by massage therapy and exercise via different underlying mechanisms. Early Human Development. 2014; 90(3):137-140. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2014.01.009
• For more than six authors, list the first six followed by et al.
Ex) Kang HK, Kim TB, Kim KH, Kim MJ, Kim JH, Kim HY, et al. Development and effect of a metabolic syndrome prevention program for university students using mobile application. Child Health Nursing Research. 2014;20(3):205-214. http://dx.doi.org/10.4094/chnr.2014.20.3.205

(2) Forthcoming Journal Articles
Ex) Heale R, Dickieson P, Carter L, Wenghofer EF. Nurse practitioners' perceptions of interprofessional team functioning with implications for nurse managers. Journal of Nursing Management. Forthcoming 2013 May 9.
Ex) Scerri J, Cassar R. Qualitative study on the placement of Huntington disease patients in a psychiatric hospital: Perceptions of Maltese nurses. Nursing & Health Sciences. 2013. Forthcoming.

(3) Journals on the Internet
Ex) Happell B. The influence of education on the career preferences of undergraduate nursing students. Australian Electronic Journal of Nursing Education [Internet]. 2002 Apr [cited 2007 Jan 8];8(1):[about 12 p.]. Available from: http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/nhcp/aejne/vol8-1/refereed/happell_max.html

(4) Newspaper Articles
Ex) Cho CU. Stem cell windpipe gives Korean toddler new life. Th­e Korea Herald. 2013 May 2;Sect. 01.
Ex) Gaul G. When geography influences treatment options. Washington Post (Maryland Ed.). 2005 Jul 24;Sect.A:12 (col. 1).




2) Books
(1) Reference to an Entire Book
Ex) Jenkins PF. Making sense of the chest x-ray: a hands-on guide. New York: Oxford University Press; 2005. p.196.
Ex) Peate I. The student's guide to becoming a nurse. 2nd ed. Chichester WS: John Wiley & Sons; 2012. p. 59-90.
Ex) Min KA, Kim CG. Nursing management. Jeonju: Knowledge & Future; 2012. 45-62.

(2) Chapter in an Edited Book
Ex) Winawar S, Lipkin M. Proliferative abnormalities in the gastrointestinal tract. In: Card WI, Creamer B, editors. Modern Trends in Gastroenterology. 4th ed. London, England: Butterworth & Co; 1970. p. 11-25.
Ex) Miller CW. Applied cardiovascular physiology. In: Wingeld WE, Raffe M, editors. The veterinary ICU book. Jackson, WY: Teton NewMedia; 2002. p. 1-14.

(3) Entire Books on the Internet
Ex) Richardson ML. Approaches to differential diagnosis in musculoskeletal imaging [Internet]. Version 2.0. Seattle (WA): University of Washington School of Medicine; c2000 [revised 2001 Oct 1; cited 2006 Nov 1]. Available from: http://www.rad.washington.edu/mskbook/index.html 




3) Scientific and Technical Reports
Ex) Page E, Harney JM. Health hazard evaluation report. Cincinnati (OH): National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US); 2001 Feb. Report No.: HETA2000-0139-2824.
Ex) Barker B, Degenhardt L. Accidental drug-induced deaths in Australia 1997-2001. Sydney (Australia): University of New South Wales, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre; 2003.




4) Unpublished thesis or dissertations
Ex) Jones DL. The role of physical activity on the need for revision total knee arthroplasty in individuals with osteoarthritis of the knee [dissertation]. Pittsburgh (PA): University of Pittsburgh; 2001.
Ex) Weisbaum LD. Human sexuality of children and adolescents: a comprehensive training guide for social work professionals [master's thesis]. Long Beach (CA): California State University, Long Beach; 2005.




5) Conference Proceedings
Ex) Furton EJ, Dort V, editors. Addiction and compulsive behaviors. Proceedings of the 17th Workshop for Bishops; 1999; Dallas, TX. Boston: National Catholic Bioethics Center (US); 2000. p. 258.




6) Web
Ex) Complementary. Integrative Medicine [Internet]. Houston: University of Texas, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center; 2007 [cited 2007 Feb 21]. Available from: http://www.mdanderson.org/departments/CIMER/.
Ex) AMA. helping doctors help patients [Internet]. Chicago: American Medical Association; 1995-2007 [cited 2007 Feb 22]. Available from: http://www.amaassn.org/.




 Publication Charge 


     There are charges to the authors for the publication of article on CHNR as following;
     • For member of the Academy
       - 30,000 won per page for 1-10 pages, 40,000 won per each additional page after the 10th page
       - 60,000 won for peer-reviewing
       - 20,000 won for English editorial review of abstract
       - Exempt pf DOI fee (CHNR supports DOI fee for the member valued as 55,000 won for Korean, 90,000 won
         for English).

     • For non-member of the Academy
       - 50,000 won per page for 1-10 pages, 60,000 won per each additional page after the 10th page
       - 70,000 won for peer-reviewing
       - 20,000 won for English editorial review of abstract
       - 55,000 won for DOI in Korean, 90,000 won for DOI in English



Association Bylaws
1. The following guidelines are effective as of 04/2006
2. The following guidelines are effective as of 01/2008
3. The following guidelines are effective as of 04/2009
4. The following guidelines are effective as of 01/2011
5. The following guidelines are effective as of 01/2013
6. The following guidelines are effective as of 01/2015



The following guidelines are effective as of 01/2016

The following guidelines are effective as of 01/2017


Editorial Office

Child Health Nursing Research

Editor-in-Chief  Hyun-Young Koo, College of Nursing, Daegu Catholic University, Republic of Korea
Tel: +82-53-650-4829, Fax: +82-53-650-4392, E-mail: hykoo@cu.ac.kr

Manuscript Editor Bo-Ryeong Lee, College of Nursing, Daegu Catholic University, Republic of Korea
Tel: +82-53-650-4829, Fax: +82-53-650-4392, E-mail: deluxei@naver.com

Editor-in-Chief Won-Oak Oh, College of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul, Repulic of Korea
Tel: +82-2-3290-4928, Fax: +82-2-927-4676, E-mail: wooh@korea.ac.kr

Manuscript Editor Mirim Kim, College of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul, Repulic of Korea
Tel: +82-2-3290-4910, Fax: +82-2-927-4976, E-mail: kmrim88@naver.com